The thyroid is a small gland that is located in your throat area near to the windpipe. The main function of thyroid gland is to work with pituitary gland to keep your hormone secretion level optimal. Thyroid gland takes iodine from the various foods we eat and produces thyroid hormones. The gland has a shape similar to a butterfly and the regulation of metabolism and body temperature are two of its functios. Nowadays thyroid problems are common in many. This happens mainly due to bad food habits, stress and strain, and other medical conditions like diabetes or thyroid cancer.
Thyroid problems are more common in women than men
There are two types of thyroid problem that occur to your thyroid gland. These two conditions are hypothyroidism, which is an inactive or less active thyroid function and hyperthyroidism which is over acting thyroid functions from the gland. The treatment for a defective thyroid functioning gland is of two types – lifestyle changes and medication. Now let us see 5 things that you be do to keep your thyroid healthy.
Changing your food habits
In general, it can be said that adding more fruits and vegetables to your diet is the key ingredient to a better thyroid. Hypothyroidism cases should avoid cabbage and other cruciferous vegetables. If you are taking medication for thyroid problems you should avoid beans as well. Processed and refined foods like white bread, sugar, pasta, cakes, and cookies should also be avoided. Yes, you can’t avoid processed completely but reduce your consumption as much as possible.
Avoid Smoking and Alcohol
Caffeine, tobacco, and alcohol affect adversely on your thyroid gland’s health. You should completely avoid smoking and another tobacco usage. Minimizing or if possible completely cut out the intake of alcohol if you want to improve your thyroid health. Caffeine is another thing which needs to be restricted.
Increase Iodine intake
Iodine is one component which helps the function of the thyroid. Thyroid gland converts iodine into thyroid hormones. Table salt is the primary source of iodine to for most people. Fresh seafood that comes from salt water is another excellent source of iodine, so fish is more than just brain food it also helps your thyroid function.
Increase Selenium intake
Selenium is one element discovered in the late 90s to help thyroid function. Sources can be supplements or foods like nuts, tuna, shrimp, chicken liver, and turkey. Here is a video explaining the connection between thyroid and selenium.
Last but not least exercise; exercises that help in increasing heart rate which helps circulate blood and hormones throughout the body. Start by simply going for a walk for 30 minutes every day. Above all don’t forget to consult a doctor and take medication as prescribed.